Category: Christianity

  • Download The Fate of the Apostles: Examining the Martyrdom Accounts by Sean McDowell PDF

    By Sean McDowell

    The publication of Martyrs by way of John Foxe written within the sixteenth century has lengthy been the go-to resource for learning the lives and martyrdom of the apostles. when different students have written person remedies at the extra in demand apostles comparable to Peter, Paul, John, and James, there's little released info at the different apostles. within the destiny of the Apostles, Sean McDowell bargains a entire, reasoned, historic research of the destiny of the twelve disciples of Jesus besides the apostles Paul, and James. McDowell assesses the facts for every apostle’s martyrdom in addition to picking its importance to the reliability in their testimony. The query of the destiny of the apostles additionally will get to the center of the reliability of the kerygma: did the apostles quite think Jesus seemed to them after his demise, or did they fabricate the complete tale? How trustworthy are the resurrection bills? The willingness of the apostles to die for his or her religion is a well-liked argument in resurrection reports and McDowell bargains insightful scholarly research of this argument to damage new flooring in the spheres of recent testomony experiences, Church heritage, and apologetics.
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  • Download Countdown to the Apocalypse: Why ISIS and Ebola Are Only the by Robert Jeffress PDF

    By Robert Jeffress

    ISIS. Ebola. Social ailment. spiritual persecution. Rampant immorality. Are those the harbingers of the biblical apocalypse, of the tip of the realm? in the event that they are, what do they suggest and whilst will we count on this to take place? during this eye-opening ebook, prophecy insider Robert Jeffress bargains a reasoned examine those "signs" and what Jesus Christ himself intended while he spoke of a destiny so horrendous that no human lives will be spared "unless these days have been shortened" (Matthew 24.22). Did He have our time in brain? around the globe everyone is conscious that anything unparalleled in human background is ready to take place. COUNTDOWN TO THE APOCALYPSE provides very important info that everybody, either inside and out the church, must be aware of to be ready.
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  • Download Original Sin: A Cultural History by Alan Jacobs PDF

    By Alan Jacobs

    Essayist and biographer Alan Jacobs introduces us to the area of unique sin, which he describes as not just a profound notion yet an important one. As G. ok. Chesterton explains, "Only with unique sin do we immediately pity the beggar and mistrust the king."Do we arrive during this global predisposed to evil? St. Augustine passionately argued that we do; his competitors idea the inspiration was once an insult to a very good God. Ever for the reason that Augustine, the church has taught the doctrine of unique sin, that is the concept we aren't born blameless, yet as babes we're corrupt, accountable, and precious of condemnation. therefore began a debate that has raged for hundreds of years and performed a lot to form Western civilization.Perhaps no Christian doctrine is extra arguable; might be none is extra consequential. Blaise Pascal claimed that "but for this secret, the main incomprehensible of all, we stay incomprehensible to ourselves." Chesterton affirmed it because the simply provable Christian doctrine. glossy students assail the assumption as baleful and pernicious. yet even if we think in unique sin, the belief has formed our such a lot basic institutions—our political buildings, how we train and lift our younger, and, maybe such a lot pervasively of all, how we comprehend ourselves. In unique Sin, Alan Jacobs takes readers on a sweeping journey of the assumption of unique sin, its origins, its heritage, and its proponents and rivals. And he leaves us higher ready to respond to essentially the most vital questions of all: Are we actually, we all, undesirable to the bone?
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  • Download Emily Dickinson and the Religious Imagination by Linda Freedman PDF

    By Linda Freedman

    Dickinson knew the Bible good. She was once profoundly conscious of Christian theology and she or he was once writing at a time while comparative faith was once highly regarded. This booklet is the 1st to think about Dickinson's spiritual imagery open air the dynamic of her own religion and doubt. It argues that spiritual myths and logos, from the sun-god to the open tomb, are necessary to figuring out the similetic move of Dickinson's poetry - the achieve for a similar, notwithstanding no longer exact, adventure within the struggles and wrongs of Abraham, Jacob and Moses, and the lifestyles, demise and resurrection of Christ. Linda Freedman situates the poet in the context of yank typology, translates her along modern and sleek theology and makes very important connections to Shakespeare and the British Romantics. Dickinson emerges as a deeply bothered philosopher who should be understood inside of either non secular and Romantic traditions.
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  • Download The Gnostic Religion by Hans Jonas PDF

    By Hans Jonas

    The Message of the Alien God and the Beginnings of Christianity.

    Contents
    Preface to the 3rd variation
    Note at the celebration of the 3rd Printing (1970)
    Preface to the second one variation
    Preface to the 1st variation
    Abbreviations
    1. advent: East and West in Hellenism
    (a) The a part of the West
    Greek tradition at the Eve of Alexander's Conquests
    Cosmopolitanism and the hot Greek Colonization
    The Hellenization of the East
    Later Hellenism: The swap from Secular to non secular tradition
    The 4 phases of Greek Culture
    (b) The a part of the East
    The East at the Eve of Alexander's Conquests
    The East less than Hellenism
    The Re-emergence of the East

    Part I. Gnostic Literature—Main Tenets, Symbolic Language
    2. The that means of Gnosis and the level of the Gnostic circulate
    (a) non secular weather of the period
    (b) The identify "Gnosticism"
    (c) The foundation of Gnosticism
    (d) the character of Gnostic "Knowledge"
    (e) Survey of Sources
    Secondary or oblique Sources
    Primary or Direct assets
    (f) summary of major Gnostic Tenets
    Theology
    Cosmology
    Anthropology
    Eschatology
    Morality

    3. Gnostic Imagery and Symbolic Language
    (a) The "Alien"
    (b) "Beyond," "Without," "This World," and "The different World"
    (c) Worlds and Aeons
    (d) The Cosmic Habitation and the Stranger's Sojourn
    (e) "Light" and "Darkness," "Life" and "Death"
    (f) "Mixture," "Dispersal," the "One," and the "Many"
    (g) "Fall," "Sinking," "Capture"
    (h) Forlornness, Dread, Homesickness
    (i) Numbness, Sleep, Intoxication
    (j) The Noise of the World
    (k) The "Call from Without"
    (l) The "Alien Man"
    (m) The content material of the Call
    (n) The reaction to the Call
    (o) Gnostic Allegory
    Eve and the Serpent
    Cain and the Creator
    Prometheus and Zeus
    Appendix to bankruptcy three: word list of Mandaean Terms

    Part II. Gnostic structures of Thought
    4. Simon Magus
    5. The "Hymn of the Pearl"
    (a) The Text
    (b) Commentary
    Serpent, Sea, Egypt
    The Impure Garment
    The Letter
    The Conquering of the Serpent and the Ascent
    The Heavenly Garment; the Image
    The Transcendental Self
    The Pearl

    6. The Angels That Made the area. The Gospel of Marcion
    (a) The Angels That Made the World
    (b) The Gospel of Marcion
    Marcion's exact place in Gnostic Thought
    Redemption in accordance with Marcion
    The Gods
    "Grace Freely Given"
    Marcion's Ascetic Morality
    Marcion and Scripture

    7. The Poimandres of Hermes Trismegistus
    (a) The Text
    (b) Commentary
    The foundation of the Divine Man
    The Descent of guy; the Planetary Soul
    The Union of guy with Nature; the Narcissus Motif
    The Ascent of the Soul
    The First Beginnings

    8. The Valentinian Speculation
    (a) The Speculative precept of Valentinianism
    (b) The System
    Development of the Pleroma
    The predicament within the Pleroma
    Consequences of the drawback, functionality of the Limit
    Restoration of the Pleroma
    Events outdoor the Pleroma
    Sufferings of the decrease Sophia
    Origination of Matter
    Derivation of the one Elements
    Demiurge and production of the World
    Salvation
    Appendix I to bankruptcy eight: the location of fireside one of the Elements
    Appendix II to bankruptcy eight: The process of the Apocryphon of John

    9. production, international heritage, and Salvation in keeping with Mani
    (a) Mani's procedure; His Vocation
    (b) The System
    The Primal Principles
    The assault of the Darkness
    The Pacifism of the realm of Light
    The First production: Primal Man
    The Defeat of Primal Man
    The Sacrifice and Adulteration of the Soul
    The moment production: The dwelling Spirit; Liberation of Primal Man
    Creation of the Macrocosmos
    The 3rd production: The Messenger
    Origin of crops and Animals
    Creation of Adam and Eve
    Mission of the Luminous Jesus; the Jesus Patibilis
    Practical Conclusions; Mani's Ascetic Morality
    The Doctrine of the final Things
    (c) Recapitulation: different types of Dualism in Gnostic Speculation

    Part III. Gnosticism and the Classical Mind
    10. The Cosmos in Greek and Gnostic Evaluation
    (a) the belief of "Cosmos" and Man's position in It
    The Greek Position
    Cosmos-Piety as a place of Retreat
    The Gnostic Revaluation
    The Greek Reaction
    (b) future and the Stars
    Forms of Sidereal Piety within the historical World
    The Gnostic Revaluation
    The Greek response; the Brotherhood of guy and Stars
    The Acosmic Brotherhood of Salvation

    11. advantage and the Soul in Greek and Gnostic Teaching
    (a) the assumption of advantage: Its Absence in Gnosticism
    (b) Gnostic Morality
    Nihilism and Libertinism
    Asceticism, Self-Abnegation, the hot "Virtue"
    Arete and the Christian "Virtues"
    Virtue in Philo Judaeus
    (c) Gnostic Psychology
    The Demonological Interpretation of Inwardness
    The Soul as Female
    Ecstatic Illumination
    (d) end: The Unknown God

    Supplements to the second one Edition
    12. the hot Discoveries within the box of Gnosticism
    Addendum to bankruptcy 12
    13. Epilogue: Gnosticism, Nihilism and Existentialism
    Corrections and Additions
    Bibliography
    Selected Supplementary Bibliography
    Index to right Names
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  • Download The Apocalyptic Year 1000: Religious Expectation and Social by Richard Landes, Andrew Gow, David Van Meter PDF

    By Richard Landes, Andrew Gow, David Van Meter

    The essays during this booklet problem winning perspectives at the means within which apocalyptic matters contributed to bigger methods of social swap on the first millennium. a number of simple questions unify the essays: What chronological and theological assumptions underlay apocalyptic and millennial speculations round the 12 months a thousand? How greatly disseminated have been these speculations? will we converse of a mentality of apocalyptic hopes and anxieties at the eve of the millennium? if this is the case, how did specialists reply to or perhaps give a contribution to the formation of this mentality? What have been the social ramifications of apocalyptic hopes and anxieties, and of any efforts to suppress or redirect the extra radical impulses that bred them? How did contemporaries conceptualize after which historicize the passing of the millennial date of a thousand? together with the paintings of British, French, German, Dutch, and American students, this e-book stands out as the definitive source in this attention-grabbing subject, and may whilst impress new curiosity in and debate at the nature and explanations of social swap in early medieval Europe.
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  • Download The Cathars: The Most Successful Heresy of the Middle Ages by Sean Martin PDF

    By Sean Martin

    With out lifting a sword, the Cathars posed a chance to Catholicism more than the Muslims or Jews—or so the Church believed. The Cathars believed that subject used to be primarily evil—especially the human body—and that the fabric global needed to be transcended via an easy lifetime of prayer, paintings, fasting, and nonviolence. notwithstanding they significantly departed from convinced conventional Christian ideals, the Cathars nonetheless believed themselves to be the heirs of the real background of Christianity. They thoroughly rejected the Catholic Church and all its opulent trappings, concerning it because the Church of devil; Cathar companies and ceremonies, in contrast, have been held in fields, barns, and people's houses. The Cathars stumbled on common acceptance between peasants and artisans. They revered ladies, who performed an enormous function within the move. Alarmed on the good fortune of Catharism, the Church started the Inquisition and introduced the Albigensian campaign to exterminate the heresy. The Albigensian campaign was once the 1st campaign to be directed opposed to fellow Christians and was once additionally the 1st eu genocide. at the present time, the mystique surrounding the Cathars is as powerful as ever. Their myths and entire historical past are tested the following within the Cathars—the compelling actual tale of this as soon as peaceable non secular sect.
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  • Download Why I Am a Christian: Leading Thinkers Explain Why They by Norman L. Geisler, Paul K. Hoffman PDF

    By Norman L. Geisler, Paul K. Hoffman

    Eventually, the services of best students and apologists of at the present time amassed into one source! subject matters similar to relativism, miracles, the matter of evil, and the identification of Jesus are explored with imagery and humor, intelligence and recognize through well-known Christian authors. every one contributor additionally offers a necessary bibliography for extra studying on his specific topic. Why i'm a Christian is a brilliant ebook for believers wanting coverage that their religion is not just precise yet moderate. famous individuals contain William Lane Craig, J. Budziszewski, Norman L. Geisler (also a coeditor), Gary Habermas, J. P. Moreland, Hugh Ross, Peter Kreeft, Ravi Zacharias, and Josh McDowell. This source also will curiosity religious seekers and skeptics due to its credible participants and their willingness to percentage own tales of the way their lives have been replaced. Chapters are prepared in a logical argumentative order to help in breaking down, one after the other, highbrow stumbling blocks of religion. The paintings will draw a large viewers via its remarkable breadth and intensity of apologetic services. members contain: Francis J. Beckwith Walter Bradley J. Budziszewski Winfried Corduan William Lane Craig John S. Feinberg Norman L. Geisler R. Douglas Geivitt Gary Habermas Paul okay. Hoffman Peter Kreeft Barry Leventhal Josh McDowell J. P. Moreland Hugh Ross Ravi Zacharias
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  • Download The Rude Hand of Innovation: Religion and Social Order in by David G. Hackett PDF

    By David G. Hackett

    This path-breaking learn analyzes the social and non secular transformation of Albany, manhattan, from the town's colonial origins via industrialization within the early 19th century. instead of see the transformation of conventional societies as a technique of modernization, Hackett adopts a broader notion of faith as a cultural procedure and argues that tradition affects social order another way in several old classes. in the course of so much of Albany's colonial interval, the Dutch townspeople absorbed British humans and customs into their Calvinist lifestyle. Following the Revolution, huge scale immigration, urbanization, and the preliminary spurt of an commercial economic system remodeled Albany right into a bustling advertisement middle. whilst new political and spiritual ideologies that disagreed between themselves but jointly encouraged fiscal progress, democracy, schooling, and person rights, challenged and eventually changed Calvinism. Drawing at the assets of sociology, social heritage, and faith, this examine illuminates not just the social historical past of Albany but additionally provides a brand new interpretation of the connection among faith and social order in American history.
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