By Martin Jänicke (auth.), Dr. Helmut Weidner, Prof. Martin Jänicke (eds.)
The improvement of nationwide environmental rules is of significant crisis to governments, companies, NGOs and overseas corporations because it units the structural stipulations for financial globalization. The systematically established studies of 17 nations allow a comparability of capacities for environmental coverage and administration on an international scale. the rustic studies tell approximately, inter alia, the main pressing environmental difficulties, nationwide regulations and associations, and environmental proponents and competitors. The booklet is of relevance for specialists in universities, enterprise, governments, and administrations in addition to non-governmental organizations.
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Additional info for Capacity Building in National Environmental Policy: A Comparative Study of 17 Countries
It may also mirror waning interest in reform at the highest political levels, and the absence of a powerful political champion. Moreover, at the local and regional level there remain important conflicts. Among the most interesting efforts to improve coordination between federal and state governments in dealing with environmental problems has been the Environmental Capacity Building in Australia 33 Murray-Darling Basin Commission (established in 1985). 6 million square kilometres" (State of the Environment Advisory Council, 1996a: 36).
The thrust behind attempts to address this problem have been economic (land productivity) and environmental (preservation of eco-systems). Attempts by Labor governments in the late 1980s and early 1990s to address the issue through aNational Soil Conservation Strategy were significant for several reasons. They highlighted the neglect of the land by governments, even though information had been available for decades (see New South Wales Soil Conservation Act, 1938). Second, they recognised soil degradation as one of the most pressing problems facing Australia, especially economically.
Prior to its dissolution in 1995, the Commission produced significant reports on mining in conservation areas and protection of forests and coastal areas. The creation of ESD working groups was an attempt to defuse confrontation between environmentalists and developers. The groups represented one of the most comprehensive attempts by government to control the agenda and warring factions, to shift from competing paradigms of developers and environmentalists. The involvement of many government agencies and interest groups in defining ESD principles was itself an achievement.