By Kristen Tegtmeier Oertel
In Bleeding Borders, Kristen Tegtmeier Oertel bargains a clean, multifaceted interpretation of the vital sectional clash in pre-Civil battle Kansas. rather than targeting the white, male politicians and settlers who vied for keep watch over of the Kansas territorial legislature, Oertel explores the an important roles local americans, African american citizens, and white girls performed within the literal and rhetorical conflict among proslavery and antislavery settlers within the quarter. She brings cognizance to the neighborhood debates and the varied peoples who participated in them in the course of that contentious interval.
Oertel starts by means of detailing the payment of japanese Kansas through emigrant Indian tribes and explores their interplay with the turning out to be variety of white settlers within the zone. She analyzes the makes an attempt via southerners to plant slavery in Kansas and the finally profitable resistance of slaves and abolitionists. Oertel then considers how crude frontier dwelling stipulations, Indian clash, political upheaval, and sectional violence reshaped conventional Victorian gender roles in Kansas and explores women's participation within the political and actual conflicts among proslavery and antislavery settlers.
Oertel is going directly to learn northern and southern definitions of "true manhood" and the way competing rules of masculinity infused political and sectional tensions. She concludes with an research of miscegenation--not merely how racial blending among Indians, slaves, and whites stimulated occasions in territorial Kansas, yet extra importantly, how the terror of miscegenation fueled either proslavery and antislavery arguments concerning the desire for civil battle.
As Oertel demonstrates, the avid gamers in Bleeding Kansas used guns except their Sharpes rifles and Bowie knives to salary battle over the extension of slavery: they attacked every one other's cultural values and struggled to claim their very own political wills. They jealously guarded beliefs of manhood, womanhood, and whiteness at the same time the presence of Indians and blacks and the talk over slavery raised severe questions about the efficacy of those ideas. Oertel argues that, finally, many local americans, blacks, and girls formed the political and cultural terrain in ways in which ensured the destruction of slavery, yet they, in addition to their white male opposite numbers, didn't defeat the resilient strength of white supremacy.
Moving past a standard political background of Bleeding Kansas, Bleeding Borders breaks new flooring through revealing how the struggles of this hugely diversified area contributed to the nationwide flow towards disunion and the way the ideologies that ruled race and gender kin have been challenged as North, South, and West converged at the border among slavery and freedom.
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Additional info for Bleeding Borders: Race, Gender, and Violence in Pre-Civil War Kansas
A Lively Trade Economic exchange between the white and Indian worlds produced a variety of results, ranging from symbiotic to antagonistic, but formal trade between whites and Kansas Indians often garnered positive results for both groups. White traders and fur trappers moved into the area to profit from the commerce in Indian goods and to sell provisions to the numerous white settlers who traveled on the Santa Fe and Overland trails. B. F. 45 They took advantage of their location on the Santa Fe Trail to sell wares to both Indians and whites.
On March 31, 1858, Guthrie recorded that his wife “went to widow Sarah Coon’s and got $60 which I had paid her for an old improvement. . Mrs. ” 82 Coon asked Mrs. Guthrie to sign the note as well, indicating that she trusted Quindaro’s word. It appears that Coon, a Wyandot Indian, felt more comfortable making a transaction with a fellow Indian rather than a white man, even one with two brains. Guthrie’s marriage to Quindaro proved beneficial to his ability to gain credit in the community. The Guthrie marriage also served Quindaro and her tribe’s needs.
80 Guthrie suggested that before he and Quindaro had acquired so much property, life had been poorer but much happier. 81 Although Guthrie may have loathed the financial transactions he conducted with his neighbors, his wife Quindaro appeared to integrate them into her social calendar, often conducting business while on social visits. On March 31, 1858, Guthrie recorded that his wife “went to widow Sarah Coon’s and got $60 which I had paid her for an old improvement. . Mrs. ” 82 Coon asked Mrs.