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By N. F. Kuprevich, A. Kh. Kurmaeva (auth.), Nikolai B. Divari (eds.)

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2. J' I=::! 57° and always ELIMINATING MULTIPLE SCATTERING FROM THE INmCATRIX 47 f(J ') = 1 after normalizing the indicatrices to " +~f({j»sin{j>d{j>=1. o 3. The error of this method due to ignoring the variation of additional brightness B2 (J ) with azimuth in the case of the solar almucantar has been considered. L2(J) is a term that depends upon the scattering angle J. This formula, therefore, presupposes variability of the additional brightness B2(J) with azimuth. 4. L~ (J) = 0 for J = J ' and, hence, that formula (9) is accurate for this scattering angle.

7 sec) and by pulse control of the electronic shutter. With manual control, of course, there is no way to check image quality. Automatic pulse control assumes the presence (with a certain probability) of quality control. It goes without saying that the series were photographed with identical exposure times and under identical equipment and observation conditions. The alternation of short series, which took an average of 3-10 min on film, enabled us to avoid errors due to variations in transmisSion, zenith distance, etc.

SHORT METHOD FOR DETERMINATION OF ATMOSPHERIC TRANSMISSION COEFFICIENTS G. A. Kharitonova Most work in atmospheric optics requires knowledge of the transmission coefficients of the atmosphere in one or another spectral region. Determination of these coefficients by the well-known "long" method of Bouguer entails rather large expenditures of time. Moreover, this method gives accurate values only for an optically stable atmosphere. There is therefore a need for "short" methods. A number of methods of determining transmission coefficients from the brightness of the daytime clear sky have been proposed by E.

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