By Henry R. West
John Stuart Mill used to be the major British thinker of the 19th century and his recognized essay Utilitarianism is the main influential assertion of this philosophical technique. Henry West's creation to utilitarianism serves as either a observation to, and interpretation of, the textual content.
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Additional info for An Introduction to Mill's Utilitarian Ethics
G. the instinct of taking a thing which we very much wish for, wherever we find it – food, for instance, when we are hungry. The instinct of knocking down a person who offends us if we are the strongest. As a rather different example take the eminently artificial virtue of cleanliness – think what savages are, & what violence must be done to the natural man to produce the feelings which civilised people have on this point. . ”25 Later in the same letter, Mill argues against a natural sense of right and wrong: “I am convinced that competent judges who have sufficient experience of children will not agree with the opinion you express that they have a natural idea of right and duty.
In other speeches he denounced the English mode of governing Ireland and advocated Irish land reform; he sought prosecution of soldiers and the colonial governor for atrocities against former slaves after a disturbance in Jamaica; he sought to protect political refugees in England from extradition; he supported wider suffrage for the working classes and their right of assembly in public parks; and he proposed to admit to the suffrage all women who possessed the qualifications required of male electors.
Packe, 56–9. Letter to Edward Herford, January 22, 1850, Later Letters of John Stuart Mill 1849–1873, 45. ”36 Thus Mill sees the appeal to Nature, natural law, or natural rights as a hindrance to moral and social progress. I turn now to Mill’s criticism of the intuitive or a priori school of moral doctrine, which he considered his chief opponent. 37 Mill says that the theory of a moral sense, as the ground of morality, may be understood to involve answers to both questions, to account for what our feelings are, and to provide the standard or test for what our conduct should be.