By Lukas Thommen
In historic Greece and Rome an ambiguous dating built among guy and nature, and this decisively made up our minds the way during which they handled the surroundings. at the one hand, nature was once conceived as an area characterised and inhabited by way of divine powers, which deserved acceptable recognize. at the different, a rationalist view emerged, in accordance with which people have been to subdue nature utilizing their applied sciences and to do away with its assets. This ebook systematically describes the ways that the Greeks and Romans intervened within the surroundings and therefore lines the background of the stress among the exploitation of assets and the safety of nature, from early Greece to the interval of overdue antiquity. whilst it analyses the excellent establishing up of the Mediterranean and the northern frontier areas, either for cost and for fiscal task. The book's point and process make it hugely available to scholars and non-specialists.
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Extra resources for An Environmental History of Ancient Greece and Rome
Is added? 3. Determine the overall heat transmission coefficient of a ceiling for both heat flow up and down with zinc-coated light gage steel on the bottom and i-in. plywood on the top side. -in. air space formed by the two sides is insulated with 3 in. of glass wool fill-type insulation. 4. 4, and with areas 1500, 1700, and 225 ft2, respectively? 5. Determine the mean overall transmission coefficient Urn for the wood frame wall in Fig. 6. BIBLIOGRAPHY ASHRAE (1981). " American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air Conditioning Engineers, Atlanta, GA.
11. A thermal barrier has a surface area of 100 ft2. The surface temperature on one side is 70°F; on the other -10°F. What is the heat flow per hour if the thermal barrier consists of (a) Douglas fir lumber I! in. thick; (b) brick 12 in. thick; (c) glass ~ in. thick. 12. The rate at which solar energy reaches the outer fringes of the earth atmosphere is 425 Btu /hr ft2. If the sun radiates as a blackbody, calculate its temperature. 13. 5) for hollow spherical bodies. 14. Determine the steady state temperature (tss) for a grain storage subjected to a seasonal temperature.
M. (1958). "Introduction to Heat Transfer," 3rd ed. McGraw-Hill, New York. Dale, A. , and Giese, H. (1953). Effect of roofing materials on temperatures in farm buildings under summer conditions. Agrie. Eng. 34:168-177. , et al. (1955). Tables of thermal properties of gases. U. S. Nat. Bur. Stand. eire. 564. Holman, J. P. (1972). "Heat Transfer," McGraw-Hill, New York. Jakob, M. (1949). "Heat Transfer," Vol. 1. Wiley and Sons, New York. Kelly, C. , and Bond, T. E. (1958). Effectiveness of artificial shade materials.