By Christopher Haas
Second basically to Rome within the historical global, Alexandria was once domestic to lots of overdue antiquity's so much awesome writers, philosophers, and theologians -- between them Philo, Origen, Arius, Athanasius, Hypatia, Cyril, and John Philoponus. Now, in Alexandria in past due Antiquity, Christopher Haas deals the 1st e-book to put those figures in the actual and social context of Alexandria's bustling city milieu.
Because of its transparent demarcation of communal obstacles, Alexandria offers the fashionable historian with an awesome chance to probe the multicultural make-up of an old city unit. Haas explores the extensive avenues and again alleys of Alexandria's neighborhoods, its suburbs and waterfront, and features of fabric tradition that underlay Alexandrian social and highbrow lifestyles. Organizing his dialogue round the city's non secular and ethnic blocs -- Jews, pagans, and Christians -- he information the fiercely aggressive nature of Alexandrian social dynamics. unlike contemporary scholarship, which cites Alexandria as a version for peaceable coexistence inside of a culturally varied neighborhood, Haas reveals that the varied teams' struggles for social dominance and cultural hegemony usually ended in violence and bloodshed -- a risky scenario usually exacerbated by way of imperial intervention on one facet or the other.
Eventually, Haas concludes, Alexandrian society completed a undeniable balance and reintegration -- a strategy that ended in the transformation of Alexandrian civic id throughout the the most important centuries among antiquity and the center a long time.
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Additional info for Alexandria in Late Antiquity: Topography and Social Conflict
This identification was called into question by the Jewish community during the early empire, occasionally with the backing of the Roman overlords. The pagans responded to this percewed threat with violence. By the early second century, however, the Jewish community was crushed and the pagans were able to reassert their hegemony. Although there were incidents of violence during the third century, these were the by-productof relations with anoutside power-the imperial government. Caracalla’s massacre of the citizenry in 2 15, the government’s persecuting policies during the 250s, and the usurpatlons and civil conflicts of the 260s all come under this rubric.
The original line of Via Canopica was first established at the beginningof the nineteenth century by Mayer,an Englishman, whose drawings of a ruined line of columns are reproduced in Adrian13 Repertorio. 25 30 k Most travelers coming to Alexandria from Egypt,either by land or by canal, entered thecity at its eastern gate, the Gate of the Sun. Built by Antoninus Pius (emperor 138-61), this gate marked the formal boundary of the clty and was strong enough to withstand repeated sieges from the time of Diocletian to the Arab conquest under ‘Amr 1bn al-‘As.
57 The huge mounds of pottery sherds which stand near Alexandria’s ancient lakeside port area attest to the volume of goods which crossed the lake. The intimate connection between Mareotls and Alexandria is also apparent from the r u m of an extensive port facility with several quays, discovered at a site not far fromthe wine factory in Mareotis (figure 5). Late antique hagiographlcal sources depict a busy harbor economy and the sometimes dangerous atmosphere of a port town. A huge basilica, a baptistery, episcopal offices, several baths, and pilgrim hostels have all been found at this remote site, whichis reminiscent of other healing shrines of antiquity, such as Epidauros and the Asclepeion at Pergamum.