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By Richard J Weiss

From Leonardo to Oppenheimer, from candles to lasers, from cave drawings to cinema, from stonehenge to quantum mechanics, from Genesis to the large Bang, mild has stuffed our strategies, our manner of existence, our aesthetics, our know-how, and our ability for survival. Richard Weiss leads us alongside those paths during the last 500 gentle years. the way in which is lit via pioneers corresponding to Rembrandt, Einstein, D W Griffith, Newton, and Heisenberg. a quick background of sunshine, AND those who LIT the way in which is a summer's day roller-coaster experience via 5 centuries of man's achievements in knowing and manipulating gentle. --This textual content refers back to the paperback variation of this title

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Extra info for A Brief History of Light and Those That Lit the Way

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In this experiment, the dye was excited by a He-Ne laser with a 633 nm wavelength. The bright spots correspond to emitting single dye molecules. The estimated resolution is around 10 nm. For details of the double-tapered probe see Sect. 6. Fig. 27. (a) Schematic illustration of the double-tapered probe with a cone angle of 90◦ ; (b) i-c mode near-field fluorescence image of single Rhodamin 6G molecules dispersed on a quartz substrate at 700 ± 20 nm 30 S. Mononobe 6 Double-Tapered Fiber Probe and Spectroscopic Applications SNOM is a powerful tool for studying semiconductor devices with submicrometer and subnanometer sized structures by imaging and spectroscopy.

Figure 22 shows variations of the measured throughput values of protrusion-type probes for the different cone angles of 20◦ and 50◦ as a function of the foot diameter of the protrusion. Here, the Fig. 22. Dependencies of the transmission efficiency of two protrusion-type probes with a cone angle of θ = 20◦ (closed circles) and θ = 50◦ (open triangles) on the foot diameter Near-Field Optical Fiber Probes and the Imaging Applications 23 closed circles and open triangles correspond to the variations for the cone angles of 20◦ and 50◦ , respectively.

Scanning electron micrographs of (a) the pulled and etched probe with the pure silica core and (b) its magnified top region; (c, d) The magnified apex regions as indicated by the squares in (b) and (c), respectively. The cone angle and apex diameter are 65◦ and 20 nm, respectively UV Application Performed with i-mode SNOM Employing a Pulled- and Etched-Probe The pure silica tapered probes were aluminized by a vacuum evaporation method, and applied to a UV near-field photoluminescence image of polydihexylsilane.

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