Download 50 Weapons That Changed Warfare by William Weir PDF

By William Weir

William Weir, writer of recent web page Book's 50 Battles that modified the area, takes one other examine the historical past of battle, targeting the that served these recognized battles, in addition to others no longer as excellent. integrated are: * person weapons-from spears to the submachine gun. * Crew-served weapons-from battering rams to "Big Bertha". * Unmanned weapons-from punji stakes to "Bouncing Betty" landmines and capture weapons. 50 guns that modified conflict even comprises units that, strictly talking, are guns companies, reminiscent of tanks and bombers, yet that have had huge, immense results at the behavior of battle. This ebook describes the consequences of those guns and the way and why they replaced warfare-from the bloody carnage produced through hand guns all through heritage to the by no means used yet universally feared fusion bomb, whose sole function is to damage thousands of individuals whereas leaving constructions intact. every one weapon isn't just defined, but in addition illustrated to provide a clearer photograph of its utilization and results.

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In the 1880s, Wyatt Earp wore one and it was said to have saved his life on at least one occasion. World War I saw a revival of officially issued armor. The most widespread item was the steel helmet, which was designed to protect soldiers in the trenches from overhead shrapnel bursts. The Germans issued special armor to many of their machine gunners and some snipers. It consisted of a steel corselet and a helmet that covered the entire head except the eyes. In World War II, the crews of bombers often wore “flak vests” as protection from the fragments of bursting anti-aircraft shells.

There was a supply of javelins in a quiver hung on the side of the chariot. It was obviously heavy, and the four wheels on fixed axles made turning it extremely difficult. Later Sumerian chariots had only two wheels, but they were still heavy and though these donkey-powered war machines must have been slow, nevertheless they proved to be valuable in the many wars between the city-states of Mesopotamia. The high sides protected the warriors in the chariots, and they were faster than infantry, especially infantry formed into a stiff, massive phalanx.

European bronze founders had learned the secrets of making large castings by decades of casting bells for Christian churches. Bronze was expensive, so some European gunmakers used iron instead. There were no European blast furnaces at that time, so the first iron cannons could not be cast. Instead, the gunmaker welded a large number of wrought iron rods together around a mandrel, then bound them together with iron hoops, heated red-hot and forced over the cylinder of welded rods. As the hoops cooled, they shrank and bound the rods tightly.

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